Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Throughout time people have adopted different types of customs and ideas. In Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ the people from the community are sacrificing in order for their crops to grow. Many lives are at risk and in fear despite the acceptance of their actions.Symbolism is something that represents ideas or qualities of an object. An example of this can be a dove which represents peace. In the short story The Lottery, it takes place in the late 40s early 50s. The whole story is a contradiction because you would think that having a lottery would be a good thing, but in this story it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t. Every year Mr. Graves, who has the most power in the community, gathers them together to have or to do a lottery. As he calls the names of each man to make sure theyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Mrs. Hutchinson ended up being the scapegoat of the group.Ã¢â¬ She was chosen to be sacrificed and as the people were walking towards her to stone her they all gathered around like a cage and kept her there so she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t move or get away and just like any animal cage they do the same thing. Throughout the whole story they talk about the black box saying that if they do away with it their crops wonÃ¢â¬â¢t grow and that itÃ¢â¬â¢s a tradition. Ã¢â¬Å"It holds the key between life and death for every single person in the community.Ã¢â¬ It shows that is ado or die situation in and you must be apart of it in the community. It also represents tradition, Ã¢â¬Å"Harsh tradition of our society many of which we carry out daily with knowing why. We have tradition because weÃ¢â¬â¢re so accustomed to it not knowing why we do it, people just go along with it and do it because it a tradition and they think they have to follow it because their families from the past use to practices it. The black box also symbolizes evil because it kills innocent people for ridiculous reasons. It Ã¢â¬Å"embodies the evil acts that have been executed in the past and the ones to come.Ã¢â¬ (1869) The stones in the story symbolize death because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what they use to sacrifice the person that gets chosen when they do the lottery. Ã¢â¬Å"A person still has the capacity to reason would be harshly awoken by the truth that he or she was in the act of killing an innocent person.Ã¢â¬ In my own interpretation what this quote is saying that they makeShow MoreRelated Evidential Basis in Epistemic Justification Essay5302 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesthe notion of epistemic justification, since the publication of Edmund L. Gettiers article Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? in 1963. In this article Gettier introduces two counter-examples to the traditional tripartite account of knowledge, i.e. the standard analysis of knowledge: knowledge as justified true belief, and shows that these thr ee conditions, the truth condition, the belief condition, and the justification condition, are not sufficient even if they are necessary, and thereby they couldRead MoreThe Rime Of The Ancient Mariner2966 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesRime? has seen was in its beginnings. It has its fair share of praise and criticism, praise given posthumously and criticism given while Coleridge was alive. Other than criticisms on the actual text, many people claim that Coleridge borrowed the ideas of others and used them. One must look past the criticisms and negative reviews on an author?s work in order to truly understand it. This would aid a reader in realizing ?Rime? is full of religious truths, subtly illustrating Coleridge?s religiousRead MoreA Popular American Topic On The 19th Century2982 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagessoon be put forth and justify the oppression and disenfranchisement of the natives culture and territory. Alfred A. Cave takes a in depth look at the Jacksonian era as well as its administration and thus finds supporting evidence that helps prove the idea that Jackson abused his power to pass the removal act to ensure the America would expands its horizons. Since its unification the United States has seen a variety of presidents, each taking office with different political agendas. One that standsRead MoreSda Manual Essay101191 Words Ã |Ã 405 PagesRegard ............................................... Opposition of the Enemy ............................................................... Church Complete in Christ ............................................................ 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Tuesday, December 17, 2019
Poverty and its causes In Pakistan Submitted by: Muhammad Ahmad Adil Submitted to: Ms. Mehwish Submitted date: 8th February 2012 Assignment Topic: Poverty In Pakistan Management sciences Department Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan 2012 www.awkum.edu.pk February 8, 2010 Ms. Mehwish Teacher, Economy of Pakistan Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan Madam I am herewith present my Assignment authorized by you as a requirement for this course. In this assignment, I have tried to provide updated information about Poverty In Pakistan. I hope I haveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In a world of six billion people, one billion have 80 percent of the income and five billion have less than 20 percent. This issue of global imbalance is at the core of the challenge to scale up poverty reduction. Case of Pakistan: Poverty has many dimensions in Pakistan. People have not only low incomes but they also are suffering from lack of access over basic needs. The major challenge of today is poverty reduction. In Pakistan, Poverty Reduction Strategy was launched by the government in 2001 in response to the rising trend in poverty during 1990s. It consisted of the following five elements:- (a) Accelerating economic growth and maintaining macroeconomic stability. (b) Investing in human capital. (c) Augmenting targeted interventions. (d) Expanding social safety nets. (e) Improving governance. The net outcome of interactions among these five elements would be the expected reduction in transitory and chronic poverty on a sustained basis. The reduction in poverty and improvement in social indicators and living conditions of the society are being monitored frequently through large- scale household surveys in order to gauge their progress in meeting the targets set by Pakistan for achieving the seven UN Millennium Development Goals byShow MoreRelatedPoverty in Pakistan: Causes and Consequences1610 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPoverty, a multidimensional global phenomenon, as defined by World Bank is an income level below some minimum threshold deemed necessary to achieve basic needs. This minimum level is usually called the Ã¢â¬Å"poverty lineÃ¢â¬ . The things required to satisfy basic needs are highly time and society dependent. Therefore, poverty lines vary from country to country as each country defines and sets the poverty line limit according to its o wn level of development, societal norms and values. But the contents of theRead MorePoverty in Afghanistan1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesproblems of poverty in Pakistan. Following are the list of some causes of occurring rapid increase of poverty in our country. - Increase in the rate of prices. - Load shedding reduced the production which result into unemployment. - Corruption and poverty. - Increase in road beggars due to shortage of money. - Pakistan is not a welfare state. A big question. - Lack of proper education causes increase at phenomenal rates. - Inflation rate in Pakistan. - Top ten richest people in Pakistan. Pakistan: Read MoreEradication Of Poverty And Poverty1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEradication of Poverty Part I: Background Poverty is widespread throughout the world, with around 20% of the entire population living on less than $1.25 per day. Everyday struggles for survival may include not having enough food for nourishment, no access to clean water, no proper shelter, lack of clothes, or no doctors and medicines. This lack of essential supplies and inability to improve one s life may be caused by a country s lack of resources. These countries either do not or cannot provideRead MoreCritical Situation of Poverty in Pakistan813 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesor her income level falls below some minimum level necessary to meet basic needs. This minimum level is usually called the poverty lineÃ¢â¬ .(Guenon n.d.) Keeping in mind the situation of Pakistan in last couple of years, the initiative has been taken by the Government of Pakistan which commits for better access to critical public services for the poor. In addition to the poverty reduction strategies prepared by the Government major improvements were required in education, health and other basic necessitiesRead MorePakist Child Health And Mortality1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages04/28/15 Global Health Country Report Pakistan: Child Health and Mortality Introduction Since itÃ¢â¬â¢s separation from India in 1947, Pakistan steadily grew to a country with a population of about 184.35 million people in 2013, making it the sixth most populous country in the world (Ã¢â¬Å"About PakistanÃ¢â¬ ). Pakistan is broken into four provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Ã¢â¬Å"About PakistanÃ¢â¬ ). Its capital is the city of Islamabad. While Pakistan has taken many steps to improve the stateRead MoreMore Than Half of the Population of Pakistan Is Food Insecured Despite Agricultural Growth.751 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHYPOTHESIS 1: More than half of the population of Pakistan is food insecured despite agricultural growth. The food security of a country is the availability of food in that country, and the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s access to it.Ã It is often said, Ã¢â¬Å"Food insecurity anywhere, threatens peace everywhereÃ¢â¬ . The term food security reflects the desire to eliminate hunger and malnutrition. The World Food Summit in 1996 defined food security as, Ã¢â¬Å"when all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficientRead MoreList of Important Topics for Essays1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesformatted. 01. Dilemma of the water and energy crisis in Pakistan (2003) 02. Art critics and reviewers (2003) 03. Alleviation of poverty (2005) 04. Persecuted poor women (2005) 05. Foreign direct investment (F.D.I) in Pakistan (2006) 06. Global warming (2006) 07. Personalization of Pakistani politics (2006) 08. Formal and casual dressing codes (2003) 09. Liberalism (2006) 10. Existentialism (2003) 11. Socio-economic challenges faced by Pakistan (2005) 12. Islam versus the west (2005) 13. InternationalRead MoreInternational Ngos Working in Pakistan1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAsim Muneeb Khan, A.Hameed (MSC SOCIOLOGY 1st) International NGOs Working In Pakistan: Oxfam International Head office in Pakistan : House no.201, Street No.10, E-7, Islamabad. Phone No. : 051-2653341, 051-2653491 Working on: Community welfare, Social and Economic Development, , Education, Natural disasters, Democracy, Human rights, Climate change, Livelihoods, Health, HIV/AIDS, Gender equality, Poverty , Injustice. Etc. The Oxfam International Secretariat leads, facilitates, and supportsRead MoreResearch Paper On Child Labor1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesworldÃ¢â¬â¢s second largest population it also a home to the largest number of child labor in the world. Pakistan is a country with 182.1 million population and out of these peoples there are more than 30 million childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s from all age groups and out of these childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s there are more than 10 million childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s engaged in child labor, they are forced to do jobs that an adult feels difficulty doing it, Pakistan is one of those countries where childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s are doing the worst hazardous jobs. These two countriesRead MoreThe Natural Disasters1104 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespossesses kinetic energy and a mass of water which can cause devastation through kineticism and flooding. There is an international tsunami warning system and certain regional tsunami warning systems are also in placed. Pakistan is shielded to a greater extent from the Tsunami of the Pacific Ocean and Bay of Bengal due to the Indian land mass, however, Tsunamis accruing in the Indian Ocean do effect us. In 1935 a Tsunami struck the Pakistan coast killing nearly 4000 people. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Cyclone Cyclone is
Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Transformational Leadership In Health Care? Answer: Introduction Leadership contributes to the successful growth of the organisation. The challenges opportunities are managed with the able leadership of the organisation. The leadership also contributes to the growth of the human resources of the organisation. The enhancement of skill, the growth of the culture of the organisation consistent learning is possible with the able leadership. It is a fact that the growth of the organisation depends on the vital contribution of the leaders the followers of it. The strategies of the management for the growth of the organisation are successfully implemented with the help of leaders and their ability to lead the people of the organisation. There are different styles of leadership used by the leaders to bring effective work environment. Concept and theories of leadership There are different theories of leadership that focus on the traits and attributes for a leader to become successful. Theory of Great Man states that leadership traits are intrinsic. The leaders are born leaders. A true leader rises when he or she confronts the correct situation. Trait theory of leadership focuses on the qualities of the leadership like intelligence, responsibilities, creativity values(Barr Dowding, 2016). The theory makes an analysis of the mental, physical social traits of the leader. The Behavioural theory focuses on the behaviour of the leader. It studies how a leader is able to behave when he or she deals with the task the people in an organisation. Contingency theory of leadership advocates that there are different ways to lead the people and these ways are based on the situation. The effects of the leader are found when the leader takes decisions differently in different situations. Transactional leadership theory advocates that there is always a need of developing a mutual reinforcing atmosphere. The focus of the theory is on the beneficial relationship between the leaders the followers(Drucker, 2014). The theory advocates that a leader follows both reward and punishment to manage the people in the organisation. The transformational leadership style advocates that the leader sets an example and motivates followers. The leader interacts with people in the organisation and leads them to work successfully. Style, attribute behaviour of different leadership style It is very important to define the importance of the effective leadership. The effective leadership does not focus on holding the authority in the organisation. A true leader always makes an assessment of all the works and the decision that he or she takes in the course of his or her work(Drucker, 2017). It is very important for a leader to see that the decisions taken by him or her are aligned with the objectives of the organisation. For the successful growth of the leadership, it is always important for a person to have a good personality. A good leader interacts with the followers of the organisation and the manner of interacting with the followers also determines the ability of an individual to lead the team(Fassin, et al., 2011). People from different thinking, cultures and well managed by a good leader. The leader becomes very creative and manages the people with appropriate ability in order to become successful in the workplace. An autocratic leader wants the followers to work as per the instruction is given to them. The autocratic leader wants to manage the employees of the organisation as per the decision made by him or her. The leader makes the people follow him or her and does not allow the employees to make an opinion on his style of decision-making. A democratic leader is different from an autocratic leader. The leader allows the followers to take part in the decision-making process and contributes to their opinion and skills. The contribution of the employees is found in the strategic development of the organisation. A transactional leader leads the people of the organisation through his or her involvement in the activities of the organisation. The leader follows reward and punishment policy to motivate people to work in the workplace. The transformational leader is an inspirational leader and the leader sets the example before the followers to get motivated. The employees of the organisation are inspired by the leader. The employees get motivated and the transformational leader develops the ability of the people in the organisation. The transformational leader becomes visionary, good in communication, responsible, competent and has the problem-solving ability. The leader believes in self-esteem and discipline(Gentile, 2012). The empathy skill of the leader enhances values of the team performance. The goals of the organisation are achieved when the transformational leader leads the people in the correct direction. Importance of leadership qualities for managers The leader possess different qualities and these qualities help the leader to lead people in the correct direction for the fulfilment of the goals and objectives of the organisation(Gellis, 2001). The following are the different qualities that are used by the leader of the organisation to manage the challenges and opportunities to achieve the strategic objectives of the organisation. Vision The leader of an organisation is a man of vision. The vision of the organisation is set by the leader aligning his or her vision. The strategy that has been formulated by the leader is followed by the people in the organisation(Hughes Wearing, 2007). The most important activities of a leader are to communicate the strategic plan to the people in the organisation so that people remain aware of that. Good Communication skill A good leader communicates with the people appropriately. The people of the organisation are communicated the aim of the organisation and the ways the people should work to achieve the goals of the organisation(Luu, et al., 2008). The communication helps the people to get motivated and to use their skills for the development of the organisation. Motivation Motivating people in the correct direction is an ability of the leader. The leader sometimes takes the help of reward and punishment to motivate the people to perform their duties and responsibilities. The people perform well when they are motivated well. Interpersonal skill The leader of the organisation always tries to build cooperation and coordination among the people of the organisation. The leader tries to establish the healthy relationship among the employees. The people perform well when they work together as a team. Thus developing interpersonal skill is an important quality of the leader. Problem-solving quality The leader possesses problem-solving attitude. In the organisation, we come across many types of issues and problems. These issues are required to be solved unless the success of the organisation is not possible. The leader manages the issues with his problem-solving skills. Decision-making ability A good leader is a good decision maker. The leader takes an appropriate decision at the time of need. The leader involves people in the organisation to contribute their skills and experiences(Sanborn, 2016). The aim of the leader is to take the good decision so that the goals of the organisation will be achieved. Application of leadership in practice in teams in an organisation The leader of the organisation should be very sensible and sensitive. The development of a team and the performance of the team depend on the way leader lead the people. The leader knows the ability of the team members and encourages them to perform best of their abilities.The leader leads a team like a transformational leader. The leader builds trust and friendship among the people so that the team will work effectively(Velsor, et al., 2010). The leader remains very transparent and takes the decision as per the need of the organisation. The leader focuses on the best utilisation of the skills and experience of the team members. The leader knows that the combined efforts of the people in the organisation can only bring success in the organisation. The team building attitude is very important for the leader. The leader of the organisation always focuses on establishing the good culture in the organisation. The leader establishes the culture of the organisation that aligns with the set of beliefs, values and faith of the people in the organisation. The employees of the organisation accept the culture of the organisation when they feel that the culture of the organisation helps them to work independently and they have the freedom to use their skills and expertise in the workplace(Luu, et al., 2008). It is important for the leader of the organisation to focuses on good culture for the organisation. The practice of good leadership is found in the organisation when the leader of the organisation acts sensibly during the change in the organisation. The strategic plan is formulated by the organisation and the plan is changed as per the organisation needs. The people in the organisation do not accept the change if they are not satisfied with the change initiative. They need to know the cause of the change and how the change will contribute to the growth of the organisation(Reich, 2000). The leader of the organisation uses the skills to motivate people. The leader makes the people know the need of the change for the growth of the organisation. This motivates people to accept the change. Assessment of my leadership skills and the areas I need to improve I have earned that a good leader works on a certain philosophy. The leader follows the philosophy and works effectively. I understand that a leader requires knowing the different leadership styles so that he or she can use them in different situations. As a leader I understand that I will behave like a democratic leader, a visionary leader, a transaction leader or a transformational leader and all these styles will be used as per the demand of the situation. I understand that I need to be a transformational leader as it is very important to manage people in different situations. The complex situations will be easily handled by me if I develop my problem-solving ability. I will be able to take the appropriate decision when I will know understand the perceptions and expectations of the people in the organisation. A true leader should also motivate the employees by fulfilling their individual needs. A satisfied worker gives his or her complete efforts for the growth of the organisation. Thus as a leader, I must try to satisfy my fellow workers so that the objectives of my organisation will be accomplished. As a student, I have learnt about the need of developing leadership skills to manage people in the organisation. The knowledge I get about the leadership skills will be helpful to utilise in the working place. It is also very important to know how to manage the people in the diverse culture. I have learnt that I need to be very empathetic to my followers and I will try to motivate people to achieve their goals. The areas I feel very important for me to develop are the development of the interpersonal skills, decision-making skills and problem-solving skills. All these three skills are very important for the leader of the organisation. I will develop all these qualities in order become a successful leader. Conclusion Leadership is an ability to inspire the people to work for the achievement of the goals of the organisation. A true leader motivates people to work and contribute their expertise to the development of the organisation. The appropriate decision of the leader keeps the people work without any worries and anxiety. The good culture also helps the employees to be very productive in the workplace. The problem-solving attitudes and interpersonal skills are very important for the leader. I understand that in order to be very successful in my workplace as a leader I need to develop my skills and should know how and where I should use the different styles of leadership. I must act like a visionary leader and lead the people in the correct direction. I will focus on establishing good work culture among the team members and motivate all to work collectively. This will help me to be a successful leader. References Barr, J. Dowding, L., 2016. Leadership in Health Care, 3rd Edition. London: SAGE Publication. Drucker, P., 2014. Leadership vs. Management. [Online] Available at: https://www.diffen.com/difference/Leadership_vs_Management [Accessed 21 09 2017]. Drucker, P., 2017. Managerial Point of view. [Online] Available at: http;//solaas.com.ar/harald/en/liderazgo2 [Accessed 21 09 2017]. Fassin, Y., Van, R. A. Buelens, M., 2011. Small business owner-managers perceptions of business ethics and CSR-related concepts. J Bus Ethics, 98(3), pp. 425-453. Gellis, Z. D., 2001. Social work perceptions of transformational and transactional leadership in health care. Social Work Research, vol.25. no. 1, pp. 17-25. Gentile, M. C., 2012. Values-driven leadership development: Where we have been and where we could could go. Organisation management Journal, pp. 188-196. Hughes, M. Wearing, M., 2007. Organsiations and Management in Socila Work. Los Angels: sage. Kouzes, J. Posner, B., 2008. The Leadership Challenge: The Leadership Practcies Inventory. San Francisco: CA: Jossey- Bass. Luu, V. T., Kim, S. Y. Huynh, T. A., 2008. Improving project management performance of large contractors using. International Journal of Project Management,, 256(7), pp. 758-769. Mintzberg, H., 2009. Managing. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Qureshi, T. M. Warraich, A. S., 2009. Significance of project management performance assessment. International Journal of Project Management, Volume 27, pp. 378-388. Reich, R., 2000. The future of sucess: Working and living in the new economy. New York: Alfred Knopf. Sanborn, M., 2016. 9 Difference Between Managers and Leaders. [Online] Available at: https://www.marksanborn.com/blog/9-differences-between-managers-and-leaders/# [Accessed 21 09 2017]. Velsor, V., McCuley Ruderman, 2010. Developing of Leaders. In: The Center for Creative Leadership handbook of leadership development. San Francisco,: Jossey Bass.
Monday, December 2, 2019
Racial Discrimination Madison Community Introduction Racial discrimination, ethnicity, sectarian violence, religious animosity, tribal clashes and nepotism are rampant forms of racial segregation in most communities. Where such kinds of vices are common, civil strife and animosity are manifested, and often-bloody clashes and tensions result. For peace to prevail in any given community tolerance amongst the different races in a given community is required. Barker, 2005. In addition the law enforcement agencies are required to keep vigilant as traces of racial strife still manifest themselves in my community. In this autobiographical paper I will discuss the challenges facing the Madison Community in terms of racial relations. Need essay sample on "Racial Discrimination Madison Community" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Our Customers Very Often Tell Us:Who wants to write paper for me?Professional writers suggest: We Write All Kinds Of PapersCustom Essay Order Best Essay Writing Service Review Cheapest Essay Writing Service Paper Writing Service I am a white living in Madison area, my community is predominantly white. There are however many race related problems in the Madison Community. The community of Madison Community is comprised of several races. About 80%, of the total population of my community comprise of whites. Therefore, the whites constitute majority of the residents in Madison. African Americans constitute approximately 11% of the Madison community, while Asians constitute about 8% of the total population. The other races which comprise the Madison Community include; American Indians about 1% and others which comprise of about 3.0%. The whites being the majority have at sometimes been accused of being discriminatory to the racial minorities, mainly the African Americans and American Indians. In Madison Community, opportunities in the social arena, political arena, educational opportunities and even economic opportunities have largely been disproportionate and based on race and ethnicity. Clearly, in the Madison Community, racial minorities have continued to be treated differently and unfairly. Where this happens, corrective action has been taken and culprits subjected to legal procedures, this shows that, despite presence of racial discrimination, efforts are being put at the community level to fight the problem. Racial minorities have been discriminated against for a very long time in almost all spheres of social life. Racial marginalization in the Madison is manifested in many ways and especially in the resource allocation. In other procession has the racial minorities been so underrepresented. The anomalies in racial minorities representation in many sectors such as education, and in the employment especially in professions such as law, dentistry and medicine in the my community has been occasioned by amongst other factors, social-cultural factors which impede the development of such communities. Albert and Ronald. 1990 The above can also be accounted for by the seemingly low entry in such schools such as law and medical. The above situation can be termed as pathetic on account of the fact that racial minorities constitute well above 20 percent of the American population. It makes a lot of sense to have every race represented well in aspect. Racism is still common in USA although it has significant dropped compared to the 1960s. Barker, 2005. Against such a background, it makes sense to have one of their own (the racists minorities) to represent them in all spheres of life. The surest way to guarantee fairness in the American society is the equal representation of race and ethnicity in the legal profession. The under representation needs to be addressed right from the community level, and every one, the leaders, the community members from various racial groups as well as the government agents must be well represented. The institutions of learning as well as agencies of the government such as the criminal justice department can play a big role by ensuring that they admit more and more minority group members into the institutions such as; schools which will eventually see such groups discriminated against. The US census bureau 2005, mentions Africans- Americans as well as the Hispanics as the largest minority groups. The understanding of the racial representation disparities is crucial in the issue of under presentation. Another problem being witnessed in my community is that, one race (the whites), control all the key sectors including the economy, political leadership as well as the administration in my community. This implies that, the whites control the resources and opportunities available. Consequently, the discrepancies result into skewed distribution of wealth. Poverty amongst the racial minorities has become evident and rampant as a result of the inequalities. Social capital theories associate the under presentation with the position of such groups at the bottom of the social economic ladder. Brown, 1931. This makes them be closed from outer world and therefore unable to access some privilege and opportunities compared to whites who in terms of social economic factors something which highly increases their chances of joining top notch careers. To solve the above problem in my community, there is a need for exposing of more minority group members to diverse networks. The under presentation witnessed in my community has been occasioned by the deficiency the racial minorities themselves posses in terms of high likely hood of the members of the racial minorities to drop from school compared to the whites. There is a need for affirmative action which will result into more minority groups members gaining equal access to opportunities such as in; health and education, hence increasing chances of a more balanced society. Social life in Madison Community has been boosted in that all residents regardless of their race have an access to common religious meeting places. In addition, recreational facilities are free to everyone regardless of their race. Although there is a high crime rate in Madison Community, the communities live in harmony and rarely are any incidences of racially motivated crime reported. There is a need for law enforcers to be firm in their implementation of the federal anti-discrimination laws so as to promote a mutually beneficial interracial existence. Such efforts in Madison Community have constituted the establishment of the Madison Community human rights and human services community groups that is solely concerned with resolving racially motivated human rights in the Madison area. This program has proved to be an effective way of promoting co-existence in the Madison Community. There is also a need for more programs from both the state and federal governments to such as race-based hiring quotas and race-based education programs. Although the above can be a cause for bias towards the white majority, it is nevertheless a right step towards correcting the racial discrimination currently being experienced in Madison Community. The leadership in my community is comprised of leaders from different racial background. However most of the leaders are whites given the fact that about 80% of the community members are white. Unlike in the past when leaders would openly downplay racial discrimination, today things are different and the leadership is keen to eradicate racial discrimination from the community. The leadership of the community continues to address the racial discrimination issue in that every time such cases are reported the leadership is committed to applying justice and condemning the act openly. This has been very helpful in the fight against racial discrimination in that leaders are viewed by many as role models and people are more likely to obey what they perceive as being the wishes of the leaders. If I were a leader in my Madison community I would put in place the following measures to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination, which continues to threaten the peaceful coexistence of members of my community. My winning strategy would involve; ensuring a discrimination-free community. I would also set up a special committee comprising of members from all races to investigate all cases and allegations of racial discrimination reported in my community. I would also start programs that would aim at creating public awareness in learning institutions and other institutions which is rampant in Madison. In spite of the efforts from the leadership in the community to fight racial discrimination, the vice continues to be manifested in the daily lives of people. I interviewed Debra who is an a Latino, about her efforts to secure a chance at a community college. The lady complained that despite the fact that she had all the relevant qualifications, she passed her admission test well but it has been over 2 years now and she has not heard back from the college. She suspects it is a case of racial discrimination since most of her colleagues from other racial backgrounds with whom they applied together have received a feedback from the college. Debra is worried because she was denied admission to the college. She is now worried that her dream profession. She blames all her misfortunes on what she terms as deep rooted racial discrimination in Madison Community. Debras case is an indication that a lot needs to be done in order to fight racial discrimination, tension and suspicions that exists in the Madison Community. Despite the isolated cases such as those cited above the residents of Madison community have continued to collaborate in many areas irrespective of racial backgrounds. There are many joint community projects whereby members participate regardless of ones race. There is a growing evidence that any member of the community can apply and get a job in any place in Madison as long as one possess basic qualifications. There are many interracial marriages happening, which all point to the fact that, the society needs the society is improving in terms of racial relations. In terms of the texts addressing the racial discrimination issue, there are many scholars from all races that have addressed the issue of racial discrimination. For instance, to carry out this research I referred to articles written by whites who condemn the vice. No single author seemed to support racial discrimination, a good indicator that this war is close to being won. Of all means of fighting racial discrimination the media is a strong avenue. In Madison Community, the media has shown great responsibility and professionalism. Most programmes aired are sensitive to all races. The FM stations and the print media have all shown commitment to diffusing racial tensions where they suffice and have tended to promote racial co-existence. Conclusion Efforts should be made to investigate all cases that are reported on racial discrimination. Where one is found guilty, proper legal steps should be taken to address the matter. More stringent laws should be introduced to fight remnants of racial discrimination. The Madison community is on the right track in terms of inter-racial relations, if the ongoing efforts are continued, racial discrimination shall be totally eliminated in the community in the foreseeable future. No meaningful peace in the community shall be realized for as long as there is a problem with interracial relations. References Albert, Peter J. and Ronald Hoffman. 1990. We Shall Overcome: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Black Freedom Struggle. New York: Pantheon Books in cooperation with the United States Capitol Historical Society Barker, Emily. 2005. True Colors: not all diversity is created equal. Minority Law Journal. Erickson, Bowne H. 1996. Culture, Class and Connections. American Journal of sociology. Vol.